# Change labels of factors or labelled objects

`relabel.Rd`

Function `relabel`

changes the labels of a factor or any object
that has a `names`

, `labels`

, `value.labels`

, or `variable.labels`

attribute.
Function `relabel4`

is an (internal) generic which is called by `relabel`

to handle S4 objects.

## Usage

```
# S3 method for default
relabel(x, ..., gsub = FALSE, fixed = TRUE, warn = TRUE)
# S3 method for factor
relabel(x, ..., gsub = FALSE, fixed = TRUE, warn = TRUE)
# S4 method for item
relabel4(x, ...)
# This is an internal method, see details.
# Use relabel(x, \dots) for 'item' objects
```

## Arguments

- x
An object with a

`names`

,`labels`

,`value.labels`

, or`variable.labels`

attribute- ...
A sequence of named arguments, all of type character

- gsub
a logical value; if TRUE,

`gsub`

is used to change the labels of the object. That is, instead of substituting whole labels, substrings of the labels of the object can changed.- fixed
a logical value, passed to

`gsub`

. If TRUE, substitutions are by fixed strings and not by regular expressions.- warn
a logical value; if TRUE, a warning is issues if a a change of labels was unsuccessful.

## Details

This function changes the names or labels of `x`

according to the
remaining arguments.
If `gsub`

is FALSE, argument tags are the *old*
labels, the values are the new labels.
If `gsub`

is TRUE, arguments are substrings of the labels
that are substituted by the argument values.

Function `relabel`

is S3 generic. If its first argument is an S4 object,
it calls the (internal) `relabel4`

generic function.

## Examples

```
f <- as.factor(rep(letters[1:4],5))
levels(f)
#> [1] "a" "b" "c" "d"
F <- relabel(f,
a="A",
b="B",
c="C",
d="D"
)
levels(F)
#> [1] "A" "B" "C" "D"
f <- as.item(f)
labels(f)
#>
#> Values and labels:
#>
#> 1 'a'
#> 2 'b'
#> 3 'c'
#> 4 'd'
#>
F <- relabel(f,
a="A",
b="B",
c="C",
d="D"
)
labels(F)
#>
#> Values and labels:
#>
#> 1 'A'
#> 2 'B'
#> 3 'C'
#> 4 'D'
#>
# Since version 0.99.22 - the following also works:
f <- as.factor(rep(letters[1:4],5))
levels(f)
#> [1] "a" "b" "c" "d"
F <- relabel(f,
a=A,
b=B,
c=C,
d=D
)
levels(F)
#> [1] "A" "B" "C" "D"
f <- as.item(f)
labels(f)
#>
#> Values and labels:
#>
#> 1 'a'
#> 2 'b'
#> 3 'c'
#> 4 'd'
#>
F <- relabel(f,
a=A,
b=B,
c=C,
d=D
)
labels(F)
#>
#> Values and labels:
#>
#> 1 'A'
#> 2 'B'
#> 3 'C'
#> 4 'D'
#>
```